Competition pieces are always something of a dilemma for a composer. If you are not careful, the need to set an exacting technical test tends to predominate one’s thinking. Therefore, to avoid this, I have attempted to create a work that is as much of a musical challenge as a technical one.
I have structured Triptych in three compact movements (hence the title), each of which has its own musical characterisation. The movements are unified through the common reference to Greek/Roman mythological sources in their individual titles, which in turn give a clue as to their character.
A Dionysian Dialogue takes up the idea of the conflict of ‘opposites’ which exist within our make-up as human beings. The ‘Dialogue’ is really between Dionysus and Apollo, or the metaphorical representation of this within ourselves. Thus, the Dionysian music is raw, earthy, sometimes violent, often ecstatic; whereas the Apollonian is serene, dreamy, calm, assured. The musical quotes are meant to invoke a layer of subconscious memory (mainly for violinists it should be said), as well as underlining the ‘opposites’ (so for me, the Walton and Bach = Apollonian, whilst the Stravinsky and Shostakovich = Dionysian). Performers should try to realise the maximum potential in this movement for opposing musical characterisation.
Song to Aphrodite is a love song. The two variations are, in turn, reflective (or dream-like) and playful (or seductive). The reprise of the melody should create a sense of regret, or of a memory, half grasped, disappearing into the distance (perhaps love lost?).
A Celtic Bacchanal is really a musical romp, and is based on the final movement of my own violin concerto, written in 2000. Musically speaking it is a tarantella-like scherzo, where sheer virtuosity is the order of the day. The use of ‘Celtic’ in the title simply alludes to the fact that towards the end of the movement the melodic character of the music becomes more akin to an Irish Jig (chromatic elements are transformed into diatonic). As I am half Irish myself, there was nothing self-conscious about this gesture. Although the use of the Bodhrán (Irish drum) is entirely optional in performance, some foot-stamping, in the manner of a folk fiddler, is to be encouraged – indeed, it would be entirely appropriate!
The composer is grateful for the assistance given by Malcolm Layfield in the editing of the solo part for this published edition
The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to quote from their publications within this work:
Violin Concerto No.1, Op.77 by Dmitri Shostakovich
© Copyright 1956 by Boosey & Hawkes Music Publishers Ltd. For the UK, The British Commonwealth (ex Canada) and Eire
Reproduced by kind permission of Boosey & Hawkes Music Publishers Ltd.
Violin Concerto by William Walton
© Oxford University Press 1945
Extract reproduced by permission. All rights reserved.
The finale of Triptych, “A Celtic Bacchanal”, is based on Edward Gregson’s
Violin Concerto, commissioned and first performed in 2000 by Lyn Fletcher
and the Hallé Orchestra, conducted by Kent Nagano. The work is published
by Novello and is available in a violin and piano reduction (NOV121627). It
has also been recorded on Chandos by Olivier Charlier and the BBC
Philharmonic, conducted by Martyn Brabbins.