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Thea Musgrave

Publisher: Novello & Co

Rainbow (1990)
commissioned by the City of Glasgow to mark the opening of the new international concert hall and to celebrate the city as cultural capital of Europe
Novello & Co Ltd
Sub Category
Large Orchestra
Year Composed
12 Minutes

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Programme Note
Thea Musgrave Rainbow (1990)
Rainbow is soundscape in both a literal and a figurative sense. In nature, of course, a rainbow heralds the end of a storm and the reappearance of the sun. Rainbow begins with a quiet expressive oboe solo accompanied by a sustained A major chord (representing the sun), soon to be overwhelmed by the approaching storm which erupts violently in a fast tumultuous section.

Eventually the storm dies away and the rainbow appears; a lyrical theme accompanied by three major chords (the three primary colours of the spectrum: red, yellow, blue). When the rainbow fades, the sun blazes out; the A major chord accompanying the initial oboe melody, now played by all the violins. The brass adds a chorale of thanksgiving, bringing a mood of calm confident fulfillment.

Rainbow was first performed at the Royal Concert Hall, Glasgow by the Scottish National Orchestra, conducted by Bryden Thomson.


  • 23 SEP 2017
    Warren Atherton Auditorium, San Joaquin Delta College, Stockton, CA
    Stockton Symphony
    Peter Jaffe, conductor
  • 27 OCT 2012
    Boston, MA
    New England Philharmonic
    Richard Pittman, conductor
  • 27 OCT 2012
    Tsai Center, Boston, US
    New England Philharmonic Orchestra
    Richard Pittman, conductor
  • 03 JUN 2009
  • 06 SEP 2008
    BBC Proms
    Royal Albert Hall, London
    Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    Stéphane Denève, conductor
  • 06 SEP 2008
    Rainbow London Premiere
    BBC Proms 2008
    Royal Albert Hall, London
    Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    Stéphane Denève, conductor
  • 15 NOV 2005
    Glasgow Royal Concert Hall
    BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
    Ilan Volkov, conductor
  • 01 NOV 2005
    Great Hall, Glasgow, UK
    BBC Scottish Symphony Orchesta
    Ilan Volkov , conductor
  • 31 JAN 2003
    Massachusetts, US
    Concord Orchestra
    Richard Pittman, conductor

    Other Dates:
    1 February - Massachusetts, US
  • 31 JAN 2003
    Concord, MA
    Concord Orchestra
  • 08 AUG 2002
    Composer Of The Week
    BBC, UK
    Christopher Austin, conductor
  • 13 JAN 2001
    Tulsa, Oklahoma, US
    Tulsa Philharmonic
    Edwin Outwater, conductor
  • 03 MAR 2000
    Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
    National Symphony Orchestra of Mexico
    Philip Ellis, conductor

    Other Dates:
    5 March - Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 22 APR 1999
    Umea, Sweden
    Umeå Symphony Orchestra
    Roy Goodman, conductor
  • 07 NOV 1998
    Chrysler Hall, Norfolk, Virginia, US
    Virginia Symphony Orchestra
    Joann Falletta, conductor

    Other Dates:
    8 November - Chrysler Hall, Norfolk, Virginia, US
  • 03 FEB 1998
    Maine, US
    Portland Symphony Orchestra
    Toshiyuki Shimada, conductor
  • 28 FEB 1995
    Baltimore, US
    Peabody Symphony
    Christopher Franklin, conductor
  • 07 OCT 1994
    Ohio, US
    Oberlin College
    Peter Jaffe, conductor
  • 20 MAR 1994
    Carnegie Hall, New York
    American Composers Orchestra
    Paul Dunkel, conductor
  • 02 FEB 1993
    Philadelphia Philharmonic
  • 03 FEB 1992
    Gusman Centre, Miami, US
    Florida Philharmonic Orchestra
    James Judd, conductor

    Other Dates:
    4,5 February - Fort Lauderdale, Florida, US
    6 February - US
    7 February - Boca Raton, Florida, US
  • 05 OCT 1990
    Royal Concert Hall, Glasgow
    Scottish National Orchestra
    Bryden Thomson, conductor

    Other Dates:
    5 October; 16 December; 21 February 1991 - BBC Radio
    5 October - BBC TV

The orchestra woke up and came to life with Thea Musgrave's Rainbow. Delicate, twinkling music to begin with, rushing to thrilling heights like Scriabin's Poem of Ecstasy being played three times too fast. The teasing, bewitching harmony turned sour and pounded like a soft demolition ball, eliciting brief shards of light from the harp and vibraphone. ...Rainbow seemed to twitch and move like a living, conscious thing rather than a depiction of a landscape.
Stephen Crowe, Music OMH,09/09/2008
...almost Roussel-like...
Hilary Finch, The Times (London),08/09/2008
Unconsciously reflecting the more than usually atrocious weather which the UK has been suffering at this time, the concert's second half had a distinctly 'meteorological' feel to it, Composed in 1990, Thea Musgrave’s Rainbow, is a 12-minute piece for large orchestra, thoroughly approachable music with occasional overtones of Nielsen; a latter-day counterpart to the Storm in Beethoven's ‘Pastoral’ Symphony or to one of those great Turner seascapes. Seldom does one hear a contemporary piece delivered with such impact and panache.
Douglas Cooksey,,08/09/2008
...the orchestra gave a finely tuned rendition of Rainbow, a delightful, tightly bound work in which repeated motives pass round the orchestra as if refracting each tone and shade before bursting out in the bright conclusion.
Guy Dammann, The Guardian,08/09/2008
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