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Kaija Saariaho

Publisher: Chester Music

Solar (1993)
commissioned by the city of Antwerpen for Champ d'Action
Publisher
Chester Music Ltd
Category
Large Ensemble (7 or more players)
Year Composed
1993
Duration
18 Minutes


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Programme Note
Kaija Saariaho Solar (1993)
FOR FULL INFORMATION ON THE ELECTRONICS, please click here.

Solar is based on the idea of an ever present harmonic structure, which radiates an image around it and forces the harmony over and over again back to its original form, as if following the laws of gravity. The piece is named after this idea.

This 'solar' harmony is then contrasted with a very different kind of harmonic principle, based more on polarities.

The musical material in Solar is deliberately limited. The same ideas re-appear, orchestrated in different manners, and above all in different tempi; this is another important aspect of Solar. Towards the end of the piece musical elements - registers, harmony, rhythm, tempo, orchestration - are presented in rapidly changing extremes.

The two electronic keyboards have limited but clear functions. The pianist alternates with the first keyboard 's sounds of metal bells tuned in quartertones. These sounds are connected to metallic percussions and the trumpet. The second keyboard, a Yamaha SY99 synthesiser, is used to complete piano and percussion textures, or to create sustained background chords and thus replace a larger string section.

  • Ensemble
    Avanti! Chamber Orchestra
    Soloist(s)
    John Storgårds, violin
    Conductor
    Hannu Lintu
    Ondine:
  • Ensemble
    Champ d'Action
    Conductor
    James Wood
    Mode:
  • Ensemble
    Los Angeles Philharmonic
    Soloist(s)
    Anu Komsi (soprano), Riikka Rantanen (contralto), Petri Alanko (alto flute), Anssi Karttunen (cello), Petteri Salomaa (baritone), John Storgards (violin), Pia Freund (soprano), Gabriel Suovanen (baritone), Karita Mattila (soprano)
    Conductor
    Esa-Pekka Salonen
  • Large Ensemble (7 or more players):
Performances
Date
Title
  • 21 NOV 2014
    Sir Jack Lyons Concert Hall, York
    Chimera Student Ensemble
    Oli Wass , conductor
  • 13 DEC 2011
    Le Manège, Reims, France
    Daniel Kawka, conductor
  • 06 OCT 2011
    Saariaho Festival Den Haag
    Dr Anton Philipszaal, Den Haag, The Netherlands
    New European Ensemble
    Willem Stam, cello / Keren Motseri, soprano / Anton Sie, harp; Christian Karlsen, conductor
  • 03 MAY 2011
    Kulturvaerflet, Helsinger, Denmark
    Athelas Sinfonietta

    Other Dates:
    4 May - Den Sorte Diamant, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 10 APR 2011
    Grand Auditorium de Caen, Caen, France
    Orchestre de Caen
    Antti Tikkanen; Vahan Mardirossian, conductor
  • 23 JUL 2010
    Rheingau Musik Festival
    Wiesbaden, Germany
    SWR Radio-Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
    Camilla Hoitenga, flute; Susanna Mälkki, conductor
  • 06 MAY 2010
    Paris, France
    Ensemble InterContemporain
  • 16 APR 2010
    Evanston, IL
    Austin Wuliman, violin; Russel Rolen, cello; Ryan T. Nelson, conductor
  • 13 MAR 2010
    Lyon, France
    Orchestral Contemporain
  • 19 NOV 2009
    MCA Chicago, USA
    ICEF
    Brad Lubman, conductor

    Other Dates:
    22 November - Miller Theatre, New York, USA
  • 19 NOV 2009
    Brooklyn, NY
    International Contemporary Ensemble
    Brad Lubman, conductor

    Other Dates:
    22 November - Brooklyn, NY
  • 23 AUG 2009
    Lucerne Festival
    Lucerne, Switzerland
    Ensemble InterContemporain
    Susanna Mälkki, conductor

    Other Dates:
    23 October - Paris, France
  • 27 NOV 2008
    L'Auditori, Barcelona, Spain
    Orquesta Barcelona Contemporanea
    Ernest Martinez-Izquierdo, conductor
  • 19 OCT 2007
    Sydney, Australia
    Sydney Conservatoire of Music
  • 30 NOV 2006
    Centro Superior de Musica del Pais Vasco, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
    Musikene

    Other Dates:
    1 December - Centro Superior de Musica de Pais Vasco, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
  • 21 MAY 2005
    Friche la Belle de Mai/La Cartonnerie
    Prague Philharmonia
    Michel Swierczewski, conductor
  • 30 MAY 2003
    Musik im 21. Jahrhundert
    Funkhaus Halberg, Saarbrücken, Germany
    Klangforum Wien
    Anssi Karttunen, cello; Diego Masson, conductor
  • 24 NOV 2002
    Barcelona, Spain
    Barcelona 216
    Anssi Karttunen, cello; Ernest Martinez-Izquierdo, conductor
  • 10 NOV 2002
    Composer Festival
    Konserthuset, Stockholm
    Avanti! Chamber Orchestra
    John Storgårds, violin / Anssi Karttunen, cello; Hannu Lintu, conductor
  • 04 OCT 2002
    International Contemporary Music Festival Alicante
    Alicante, Spain
    Barcelona 216
    Anssi Karttunen, cello / David Albet, flute; Ernest Martinez-Izquierdo, conductor
  • 30 OCT 2001
    Discover Denmark
    Birmingham
    Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
    Pierre-André Valade, conductor
  • 28 SEP 2001
    Lyon, France
    Ensemble Orchestral Contemporain
    Lorraine Vaillancourt, conductor

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