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Kaija Saariaho

Publisher: Chester Music

D'OM LE VRAI SENS (2010)
Work Notes
D’OM LE VRAI SENS was commissioned by The Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, who gave the first performance on 8th September in Finlandia Hall, Helsinki conducted by Sakari Oramo, the BBC, Fundação Casa da Musica, the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and Radio France.
Publisher
Chester Music Ltd
Category
Soloist(s) and Orchestra
Sub Category
Large Orchestra
Year Composed
2010
Duration
35 Minutes
Solo Instrument(s)
Clarinet
Programme Note
Kaija Saariaho D'OM LE VRAI SENS (2010)
The idea of a clarinet concerto for Kari Kriikku had been going round in my mind for some years. While I was composing my second opera (Adriana Mater, 2006) the clarinet part began to be increasingly soloistic, and I found the instrument was speaking to me in a new way. I set about planning a concerto but did not begin actually composing it until autumn 2009.

The form was inspired by six medieval tapestries, The Lady and the Unicorn, in which each tapestry depicts, with rich symbolism, the five senses and a ‘sixth sense’ – whatever that is (emotion? love?). I had already seen the tapestries in the Musée national du Moyen Age (the Medieval Museum) in Paris while seeking material for my first opera, L’amour de loin, and their richness also inspired the exhibition La Dame à Licorne I held with Raija Malka the artist in 1993.

The tapestries are named after the five senses, and I have titled the movements of my concerto accordingly: L'Ouïe (Hearing), La Vue (Sight), Le Toucher (Touch), L’Odorat (Smell), Le Goût (Taste) and the ambiguous A mon seul Désir, which could be translated as “To my only desire”. The name and subject matter of the sixth tapestry have been widely interpreted and examined. What interested me in particular was an article* about the meanings hidden in the letters of the name of the sixth tapestry. One of these is D’OM LE VRAI SENS. This is medieval French and alludes both to the senses and to the true meaning of humankind.

All this was, of course, just the initial impetus for composition. Using the names of the different senses as the headings for the movements gave me ideas for how to handle the musical material and for the overall drama. In the first movement (Hearing) the calmly breathing orchestra is interrupted by a call from the clarinet. ‘Sight’ opens up a more mobile landscape in which the orchestra gets into position behind the solo instrument to develop the musical motifs this supplies. ‘Smell’ is colour music. I associate the harmony with scent; it is immediately recognisable intuitively and the impression is too quick for thought. The clarinet languidly spreads its colour over the orchestra, where it hovers, transforming as it passes from one instrument to another.

In ‘Touch’ the soloist arouses each instrumental section in turn from the pulseless, slightly dreamy state of the previous movement. This is the concerto’s liveliest movement, and the most virtuosic in the traditional sense, and the clarinet and orchestra engage in a dialogical relationship. The fifth movement (Taste) is dominated by rough surfaces, tremolos and trills, which the clarinet serves to the orchestra around it.

While composing the last movement I experienced a sense of entering a new, intimate and timeless dimensionality. The end of a work is always the last chance to discover its quintessence. I often approach it by stripping the music down to its most ascetic elements. Here, too.

It came as a surprise even to me that the work began to come alive in its space, and that the clarinet – itself a unicorn – plays only some of its music in the soloist’s position. This appropriation of space became an inherent element of the work at the composition stage.

D’OM LE VRAI SENS is dedicated to Kari Kriikku, whose vast experience and frequent consultations were invaluable to me in composing the solo part.

Kaija Saariaho


NOTE FROM SCORE
The general idea of this piece is based on the famous medieval tapestries called La Dame à la Licorne.

The subject matter is the five senses and the ‘sixth sense’. These six tapestries give their names to the six parts of the piece, in the following order:
L’Ouïe (Hearing),
La Vue (Sight),
L’Odorat (Smell),
Le Toucher (Touch),
Le Goût (Taste),
A mon seul Désir (According to my desire alone).

Much could be said about the symbolism and metaphors in these artworks, as they are especially rich. More information can be found on the website of the Musée national du Moyen Âge, Paris (www.museemoyenage.fr), where the tapestries are exhibited.

In this composition the solo clarinettist adopts different positions in the hall. The general plan, to be adapted to suit different halls, is as follows:
Part I: L’Ouïe: the clarinettist is somewhere in the hall, among the audience or behind it, not to be seen, only heard.
Part II: La Vue: the clarinettist approaches the stage.
Part III: L’Odorat: the clarinettist plays behind the orchestra, on a podium if needed.
Part IV: Le Toucher: the clarinettist starts playing behind the orchestra and approaches the front of the stage.
Part V: Le Goût: the clarinettist sits in the middle of the orchestra or in front, on a podium if needed.
Part VI: A mon seul désir: the clarinettist stands in front of the orchestra and leaves the stage. The violin parts have also been written so that the musicians can leave their places, if wanted.

Kaija Saariaho


Score preview:

  • Soloist(s)
    Kari Kriikku (clarinet), Anu Komsi (soprano)
    Ondine:
Performances
Date
Title
  • 09 JAN 2014
    Helsinki, Finland
    Helsinki Philharmonic
    Dima Slobodeniouk, conductor
  • 06 SEP 2013
    Tampere, Finland
    Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
    Santtu-Matias Rouvali; Kari Kriikku, conductor
  • 21 FEB 2013
    Auditorio Baluarte, Pamplona, Spain
    Orquesta Sinfonica de Navarra
    Ernest Martinez Izguierdo, conductor

    Other Dates:
    22 February - Auditorio Baluarte, Pamplona, Spain
  • 15 DEC 2012
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS US Premiere
    New World Center, Miami Beach, FL
    New World Symphony Orchestra
    Kari Krikku (clarinet); Susanna Mälkki, conductor

    Other Dates:
    16 December - New World Center, Miami Beach, FL
  • 23 NOV 2012
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Delegacion Gustavo A. Madero, CP, Mexico
    Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Kari Kriiku; Santu Matias Rouvali, conductor

    Other Dates:
    24,25 November - Delegacion Gustavo A. Madero, CP, Mexico
  • 23 NOV 2012
    Palacio des Bellas Artes
    Mexico National Orchestra
    Kari Kriikku; Santtu-Matias Rouvali, conductor

    Other Dates:
    25 November - Palacio des Bellas Artes
  • 31 OCT 2012
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Auditorio de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela
    Orquesta Real Filarmonia de Galicia
    Kari Kriiku; Ernest Martínez Izquierdo, conductor
  • 20 OCT 2012
    Vilnius, Lithuania
    Kari Kriikku; Roland Freisitzer, conductor
  • 27 SEP 2012
    sala koncertowa Filharmonii Narodowej Warsaw POLAND
    Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej
    Rafal Janiak, conductor
  • 13 SEP 2012
    Trondheim, Norway
    Trondheim Symfoniorkester
  • 14 JUN 2012
    Essen, Germany
    Philharmonie Essen
    Kari Kriikku; Slobodeniouk, conductor

    Other Dates:
    15 June - Essen, Germany
  • 14 JUN 2012
    Essen, Germany
    Philharmonie Essen
    Kari Kriikku, clarinet; Dima Slobodeniouk, conductor

    Other Dates:
    15 June - Essen, Germany
  • 08 MAR 2012
    Bergen, NORWAY
    Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
    Juan Jose Mena, conductor

    Other Dates:
    9 March - Bergen, NORWAY
  • 11 JAN 2012
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Gewandhaus Leipzig, Germany
    Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
    Kari Kriikku, clarinet; Vladimir Jurowski, conductor

    Other Dates:
    12,13 January - Gewandhaus Leipzig, Germany
  • 04 NOV 2011
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    DOMAIN KAIJA SAARIAHO In the light of Claude Debussy
    Concertgebouw Brussels, BELGIUM
    Brussels Philarmonic
    Kari Kriikku (clarinet), Peter Sellars: choreography; Jonathan Schiffman, conductor
  • 18 APR 2011
    Finlandia Hall, Helsinki
    Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Kari Kriikku, clarinet; Sakari Oramo, conductor
  • 25 FEB 2011
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Vienna, Austria
    ORF-SO
    Kari Kriikku
  • 19 FEB 2011
    Giro
    L.A. Variations
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Nyx World Premiere
    Presence Festival
    Theatre du Chatelet Paris FRANCE
    Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France
    Esa-Pekka Salonen, conductor
  • 03 FEB 2011
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Berwaldhallen, Stockholm, Sweden
    Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Kari Kriikku; John Storgårds, conductor

    Other Dates:
    4 February - Berwaldhallen, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 11 DEC 2010
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS Country Premiere
    Casa da Music, Porto, Portugal
    Orquestra Sinfonica do Porto Casa da Musica
    Kari Kriikku; John Storgårds, conductor
  • 22 OCT 2010
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS UK Premiere
    BBC Symphony Orchestra's 80th Birthday Celebration
    Barbican Hall, London
    BBC Symohony Orchestra
    Kari Kriikku (clarinet). Peter Sellars (stage direction); David Robertson, conductor
  • 08 SEP 2010
    D'OM LE VRAI SENS World Premiere
    Finlandia Hall, Helsinki
    Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Kari Kriikku (clarinet); Sakari Oramo, conductor

Reviews
Searching for colours Great concert with Mozart, Saariaho and Schnittke at the Gewandhaus Leipzig (…) Captivating beautiful sounds in abundance – a masterwork whose meaningfulness reveals itself intuitively. This has its effect, particularly with Kari Kriikku as soloist, for whom Saariaho wrote this perfectly fitting piece. It takes charisma and a little bit of eccentricity for this performance, which is not limited to playing notes and multiphonics, but also requires his moving around the concert hall and gestural support of the music. At the beginning, the soloist does not appear on stage; he begins from the foyer and creeps slowly closer to the stage. (…)
Benedikt Leßmann, Leipziger Volkszeitung,1/14/2012
This is a beguiling piece by the Finnish composer - her soundworld is distinctive and compelling.
Claudia Pritchard, The Independent,10/31/2010
Kaija Saariaho's D'OM LE VRAI SENS, offer[ed]...fastidious timbres, spatial games, changing colours on a screen ... but the real figure behind the scenes was the lady of the 'Lady and the Unicorn' tapestries at the Musée de Cluny in Paris, Saariaho's inspiration for this ravishing, finely-spun work.
Geoff Brown, The Times,10/25/2010
Kaija Saariaho's clarinet concerto...has some striking ideas...beautifully terraced solo and orchestral writing.
Andrew Clements, The Guardian,10/25/2010
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