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Bright Sheng

Publisher: G. Schirmer

Flute Moon (1999)
G Schirmer Inc
Soloist(s) and Orchestra
Year Composed
18 Minutes
Solo Instrument(s)
Flute (piccolo)
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Score Score

Programme Note
Bright Sheng Flute Moon (1999)
Composer Note:

Chi-Lin, the Chinese unicorn, also known as the “dragon horse,” is one of the four spiritual creatures in Chinese mythology… It combines the body of the musk deer with the tail of an ox, the forehead of a wolf, and the hooves of a horse. Eighteen feet high and covered with scales like a fish, its skin is five-colored—red, blue, white, black, with a yellow underbelly… a monstrous appearance, although it symbolizes benevolence and rectitude. The male is called Chi (represented by the string orchestra), and the female Lin (represented by the flute). Except for the single horn that protrudes from the forehead of the male unicorn, the appearance of the two genders is identical. It is said that Chinese unicorns last appeared in the halcyon days of the Emperor Yao (the famous legendary Emperor of China’s Golden Age in the third millennium, BC), but mankind became so degenerate that they have never shown themselves again.

The second movement, Flute Moon, is based on the melody of an art song— "Evanescent Fragrances"— by the literati poet and flutist-composer Jiang Kui (1155-1235?) of the Sung Dynasty. Jiang Kui lived in a period when half of China, north of the Yangtze River, was occupied by foreign invaders—first the ancestors of the Manchurian Qing Dynasty; later by the Mongols, who took over all of China and founded the Yuan Dynasty. I was particularly attracted by the poet’s subtle metaphorical expressions. In this poem the poet reminisces about, and laments, China’s prosperity before the invasions as witnessed by "Moonlight, my old friend."

This work is dedicated to Christoph Eschenbach and the Houston Symphony Orchestra.

—Bright Sheng

  • Ensemble
    Singapore Symphony Orchestra
    Sharon Bezaly, flute
    Lan Shui
  • Ensemble
    Copenhagen Philharmonic
    Lan Shui
    OUR Recordings:
  • 02 MAR 2012
    Toledo, OH
    Toledo Symphony
    Joel Tse; Stefan Sanderling, conductor

    Other Dates:
    3 March - Toledo, OH
  • 11 APR 2010
    Sjaellands Symfoniorkester
    Lan Shui, conductor
  • 16 JUL 2009
    Greensboro, NC
    Eastern Music Festival
    Les Roettges; Bright Sheng, conductor
  • 16 JUL 2009
    Greensboro, NC
    Eastern Music Festival Orchestra
    Bright Sheng, conductor
  • 13 MAR 2007
    "Chi Lin" ballet
    War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, CA
    San Francisco Ballet
    Helgi Tomasson, choreographer

    Other Dates:
    16,18,22,24,14 March - War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, CA
  • 13 MAR 2007
    San Francisco, CA
    San Francisco Ballet

    Other Dates:
    14,16,18,22,24 March - San Francisco, CA

[Bright Sheng's] two-movement Flute Moon was the best premiere the Houston Symphony has offered in many years. Sheng's synthesis of his deep affinity for Chinese culture and his exceptional skill in writing Western art music was very impressive. The sonic allusions to traditional Chinese music - "bent," or sagging, flute tones and Western percussion made to sound fairly like Chinese instruments - were completely natural. ...the music was very attractive, even charming. The driving energy of the first movement, "Chi-Lin's Dance" (the name of the Chinese unicorn), led to a slower, emotionally more complex yet always captivating movement, "Flute Dance". It was based on the melody by a turn-of-the-13th-century Chinese composer, Jiang Kui. In this movement, Dorough was particularly engaging as a soloist.
CHARLES WARD, Houston Chronicle ,01/01/0001
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