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Gian Carlo Menotti

Publisher: G. Schirmer

The Medium (1946)
Text Writer
Libretto by the composer.
G Schirmer Inc
Opera and Music Theatre
Sub Category
Grand Opera
Year Composed
1 Hour 20 Minutes
English, German, Italian, Russian
Alto, Soprano, Soprano, Bar, Mezzo soprano, dancer

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Score Score
Libretto Libretto
Vocal Score Vocal Score

Programme Note
Gian Carlo Menotti The Medium (1946)
Cast List:

   MONICA, daughter of Madame Flora: Soprano
   TOBY, a mute
   MADAME FLORA (Baba): Contralto
   MRS. GOBINEAU: Soprano
   MR. GOBINEAU: Baritone
   MRS. NOLAN: Mezzo-Soprano


Madame Flora, with the help of her daughter Monica and Toby, a mute servant, tries to cheat her clients through faked seances. She is touched herself by a hand during one of them, an occurrence she cannot explain and which drives her to insanity and murder.

  • Ensemble
    Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome
    Thomas Schippers
  • Ensemble
    Stratford Ensemble
    Maureen Forrester (Alto), Gino Quilico (Baritone), Rosemarie Landry (Soprano)
    Raffi Armenian
    Video Arts Int'l (DVD):
  • Ensemble
    Chicago Opera Theater Ensemble
    Patrice Michaels (Soprano), Diane Ragains (Soprano), Joyce Castle (Mezzo Soprano), Barbara Landin (Mezzo Soprano), Joana Lind, Peter Van DeGraaff (Bass Baritone)
    Lawrence Rapchak
    Cedille Records:
  • Ensemble
    Rome Radio Italiana Orchestra
    Marie Powers, Anna Maria Alberghetti, Leo Coleman.
    Thomas Schippers
    Video Arts Int'l (DVD):
  • Peral:
  • 01 JUN 2018
    Jazz Market, New Orleans, LA
    New Orleans Opera Association
    Sarah McCall, conductor
  • 03 MAY 2018
    Kimmel Center, Philadelphia, PA
    Curtis Institute Opera Theater
    Carlos Agreda, conductor

    Other Dates:
    5,6 May - Kimmel Center, Philadelphia, PA
  • 27 APR 2018
    Edward M Pickman Hall, Longy School of Music of Bard College, Cambridge, MA
    Longy School of Music of Bard College
    Dr. Sean Wang, conductor

    Other Dates:
    28 April - Edward M Pickman Hall, Longy School of Music of Bard College, Cambridge, MA
  • 20 APR 2018
    Harriett Fulton Theatre, University of Tennessee of Martin, Martin, TN
    University of Tennessee Martin

    Other Dates:
    21 April - Harriett Fulton Theatre, University of Tennessee of Martin, Martin, TN
  • 06 APR 2018
    D. F. Cook Recital Hall, St. John's, NL
    Memorial University of Newfoundland

    Other Dates:
    7 April - D. F. Cook Recital Hall, St. John's, NL
  • 01 MAR 2018
    Gates-Abegglan Theatre, Oxford, OH
    Miami University
    Benjamin Smolder, conductor

    Other Dates:
    2,3 March - Gates-Abegglan Theatre, Oxford, OH
  • 02 FEB 2018
    Directed by Alexander Kreuselberg
    Bern, Switzerland
    Berner Symphonieorchester
    Elissa Huber, Monica; Claude Eichenberger, Madame Flora; Lilian Farahani, Mrs. Gobineau; Carl Rumstadt, Mr. Gobineau; Borjana Angelova, Mrs. Nolan; Davidson Farias, Toby; Anne Hinrichsen, conductor

    Other Dates:
    4,13,20,21,25 February - Bern, Switzerland
  • 08 DEC 2017
    Weber Music Hall, Duluth, MN
    University of Minnesota - Duluth
    Lorena Suarez, conductor
  • 30 NOV 2017
    Westbrook Auditorium, Bloomington, IL
    Illinois Wesleyan University
    Andrew Voelker, conductor

    Other Dates:
    1-3 December - Westbrook Auditorium, Bloomington, IL
  • 28 OCT 2017
    Syntax Physic Opera, Denver, CO
    Denver Immersive Opera
  • 27 OCT 2017
    Ebell Club of Highland Park, Los Angeles, CA
    Pacific Opera Project

    Other Dates:
    28,31 October - Ebell Club of Highland Park, Los Angeles, CA
    3-5 November - The Miles Memorial Playhouse, Santa Monica, CA
  • 20 OCT 2017
    Syntax Physic Opera, Denver, CO
    Denver Immersive Opera

    Other Dates:
    21,28 October - Syntax Physic Opera, Denver, CO
  • 13 OCT 2017
    House of Yes, Brooklyn, NY
    New Camerata Opera

    Other Dates:
    14 October - House of Yes, Brooklyn, NY
  • 13 OCT 2017
    Coraville Center for the Performing Arts, Coraville, IA
    University of Iowa

    Other Dates:
    14,15 October - Coraville Center for the Performing Arts, Coraville, IA
  • 07 OCT 2017
    Weber Center Lyche Theatre, La Cross, WI
    Viterbo University
    David Richardson, conductor

    Other Dates:
    8 October - Weber Center Lyche Theatre, La Cross, WI
  • 11 APR 2017
    Marietta College, Marietta OH
    Marietta College

    Other Dates:
    14 April - Marietta College, Marietta OH
  • 02 DEC 2016
    Genf, Switzerland
    Orchestre de la Suisse Romande
    Constantin Trinks, conductor
  • 08 APR 2016
    Charlotte, NC
    Central Piedmont Community College
    Alan Yamamoto, conductor

    Other Dates:
    9,10 April - Charlotte, NC
  • 12 NOV 2015
    Georgetown, TX
    Southwestern University

    Other Dates:
    13-15 November - Georgetown, TX
  • 29 OCT 2015
    Liberty, MO
    William Jewell College
    Ron Witzke, conductor

    Other Dates:
    30 October - Liberty, MO
  • 27 OCT 2015
    Houston, TX
    Opera in The Heights
    Eiki Isomura, conductor
  • 04 JUL 2014
    Suitcase Handel Opera Company
  • 10 NOV 2011
    New York, NY
    Chelsea Opera, Inc.
    Carmine Aufiero, conductor

    Other Dates:
    12,11 November - New York, NY
  • 09 JUL 2011
    Milan, Italy
    Ensemble del Conservatorio di Milano
    Marco Seco, conductor
  • 28 MAY 2011
    Spoleto Festival USA
    Charleston, SC

    Other Dates:
    10 June - Charleston, SC
  • 17 MAY 2011
    Milan, Italy
    Orchestra Teatro Verdi
    Beltrami, conductor
  • 03 MAY 2011
    Halle, Germany
    Oper Halle

    Other Dates:
    8,13 May - Halle, Germany
  • 16 APR 2011
    Austin, TX
    St. Edward's University
    Chuck Dillard, conductor

    Other Dates:
    17 April - Austin, TX
  • 15 APR 2011
    Cambridge, MA
    Longy School of Music
    Julian Pellicano, conductor

    Other Dates:
    16 April - Cambridge, MA
  • 01 APR 2011
    Lincoln, NE
    Nebraska Wesleyan University

    Other Dates:
    3 April - Lincoln, NE

In 1950, Menotti returned to Italy to direct his first and only feature film. He took his Broadway hit, THE MEDIUM, expanded it, and turned it into what remains one of the few completely successful cinematic renderings of an opera. Rarely seen in the US since its original release, the movie now makes a spectacular and most welcome appearance on DVD. With this film, Menotti was able to "open up" his story beyond Madame Flora's dingy flat, taking her into the streets and alleys of a decaying postwar Rome. The gritty neo-Realistic look of the film, so typical of other Italian features of its era, lends a rawness no theatrical [presentation] could ever hope to achieve. Marie Powers [was] Madame Flora when the work was staged on Broadway, in tandem with THE TELEPHONE. This powerful contralto's performance is preserved here in all its terrifying intensity. Thomas Schippers, in what amounted to his recording debut, draws a vivid performance from the Symphony Orchestra of Rome Radio Italiana. It is remarkable that Menotti was able to take opera - one of the least realistic art forms - and charge it full of Rossellinian cinematic realism. The film is done in such a naturalistic fashion that one almost forgets its dialogue is being sung rather than spoken. This remains a remarkable achievement, as chillingly effectively today as it was more than 50 years ago.
Eric Myers, Opera News,01/01/0001
Watch out boys, Baba's back in town. It's astonishing that this is the first time that "The Medium" has been [released] on CD. In Menotti's classic of dramatics, "The Medium" is pretty strong stuff and impossible to dislike. The first act is inhumanly close to musical and dramatic perfection. [And] the recording quality is vivid: Cedille and the Chicago Opera Theater have done an excellent job with this [performance].
Raymond Tuttle , Fanfare,01/01/0001
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