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James Whitbourn

Publisher: Chester Music

Annelies (2004)
Commissioned by the Mostar Foundation and the Jewish Music Institute
Publisher
Chester Music Ltd
Category
Chorus and Orchestra/Ensemble
Year Composed
2004
Duration
1 Hours 8 Minutes
Chorus
SATB plus concertante SATB
Soloist
soprano
Availability


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Programme Note
James Whitbourn Annelies (2004)
Annelies is the first adaptation of the diary of Anne Frank into a large-scale choral work. It brings to life the diary written by Annelies Marie Frank between 1942 and 1944 when she and her family hid in the back of an Amsterdam warehouse. From the windows, Anne looked up to the beauty of the sky, and downwards to the brutality meted out by the Nazis. The contrasting sights inspired some of the most profound and memorable thoughts in an extraordinary diary, read by millions of people throughout the world.


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Performances
Date
Title
  • 30 AUG 2014
    Annelies Country Premiere
    St John's Cathedral, 373 Ann St, Brisbane City
    Brisbane Chamber Choir Singers
    Graeme Morton, conductor
  • 15 JUL 2014
    SJE Arts at St John the Evangelist Church, Oxford
    Aquinas Piano Trio, Westminster Williamson Voices
    Elin Manahan Thomas (soprano); James Whitbourn, conductor
  • 26 APR 2014
    Alice Tully Hall, Lincoln Centre
    Westminster Williamson Voices
    James Jordan, conductor
  • 12 APR 2014
    Weis Center for the Perforning Arts, Bucknell University, Lewisburg
    Bucknell University
    Emily Martin (Soprano), Marcus Smolensky (Violin), Andrew Rammon (Cello), David Cover (Piano), Colleen Hartung (Clarinet) ; Ryan Malone, conductor
  • 30 MAR 2014
    Sanders Theatre, 45 Quincy Street, Cambridge, MA
    Coro Allegro
    David Hodgkins, conductor
  • 28 MAR 2014
    First United Methodist Church, Boulder
    Boulder Chorale
  • 08 MAR 2014
    Fort Washington, U.S.A
    Academy Chamber society
    Michael Kemp, conductor
  • 02 MAR 2014
    Morristown United Methodist Church, NJ
    Harmonium Choral
    Anne Matlack, conductor
  • 02 MAR 2014
    Old South Church, Boston MA
    Jamie Kirsch
    Lynn Eustis; Chorus Pro Music, conductor
  • 10 NOV 2013
    Jewish Community Centre, San Antonio
    San Antonio Mastersingers
    John Silantien, conductor
  • 27 OCT 2013
    Prince's Hall City Palace, Fulda; Germany
    Konzertchor Winfridia Fulda
    Carsten Rupp, conductor
  • 26 OCT 2013
    Seaside United Methodist Church, Sunset Beach, NC
    Carolina Master Chorale
    Timothy Koch, conductor

    Other Dates:
    27 October - Trinity Church, Myrtle Beach, SC
  • 26 APR 2013
    Alice Tully Hall, Lincoln Center
    Westminster Williamson Voices
    James Jordan, conductor
  • 28 MAR 2013
    First United Methodist Church, Boulder; Colorado
    Boulder Chorale
    Jennifer Bird-Arvidsson; Dr. James Kim, conductor
  • 02 MAR 2013
    Morristown United Methodist Church, New Jersey
    Harmonium Choral
    Anne Matlack, conductor
  • 06 NOV 2010
    Sarasota, FL
    Sarasota Orchestra

    Other Dates:
    7 November - Sarasota, FL
  • 05 JUL 2009
    St. Andrew's, Nuthurst
    Bernardi Music Group
    James Whitbourn, conductor
  • 05 MAY 2008
    Blackburn Cathedral
    The Renaissance Singers; Manchester Chamber Choir; The Northern Chamber Orchestra
    Richard Tanner, conductor
  • 05 APR 2005
    Annelies World Premiere
    Cadogan Hall, London
    Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Choir of Clare College, Cambridge
    Louise Kateck soprano; Leonard Slatkin, conductor

Reviews
All who attended the premiere of Annelies, in a stirring performance by Clare College Choir, Cambridge, and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Leonard Slatkin, at the freshly opened Cadogan Hall in Sloane Terrace will have been moved by so direct and touching an evocation of the young diarist’s life and aspirations. Central to the evening’s success was the young soprano, Louise Kateck, whose singing of Anne herself, movingly free of sentiment and mawkishness, proved highly affecting. Much else was energised and inspired, not least the way lines sung in German — the language of the oppressor — in a rapturous passage as the family’s fear of eventual disaster gets heightened, is couched in the form of a Bach-like chorale, superbly intoned by the enlarged Clare College choir, whose singing brought the work so alive. Every line was audible, and the nuanced lines’ poignancy was further emphasised by the youth of the choir and the youthfulness of their tone. Two moments that put me in mind of the music of Arthur Bliss were especially effective: first, the delightful aubade Whitbourn includes near the start: “As long as this exists, this sunshine and this cloudless sky, how can I be sad?”, which beautifully underlines Anne’s unsuppressible optimism; and second, in the terrifying warlike music — “Open up! Open up!” — shades of Troy arming in Morning Heroes — which, midway through, anticipates the family’s ultimate betrayal and capture. When the terrible moment arrives, the onslaught is evoked not by dramatic outburst, but by sad male-voice chant, eerie bowed percussion, and drear chorale-like trombones: one of several moments where, by carefully eschewing the obvious, Annelies achieves all the more striking an effect.
Roderic Dunnett, The Church Times,4/22/2005
The world premiere of Annelies - the Anne Frank Oratorio gripped the audience from the outset. As the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra began to play, it soon became obvious that it was a fitting way to commemorate Anne's writing, mainly because hers is not just the story of one girl's insights. The music doesn't just represent her experiences, but what they epitomise: a universal tale of spiritual strength and the triumph of the human soul over its physical surroundings. And all the elements of Anne's diary were presented; you could still feel the claustrophobia of the annex on Prinsengracht in Amsterdam, as well as her longings for and fear of the outside world. Naturally, as the work is greatly condensed, we lose some of her discerning social commentary, but Anne's fortitude still shone through her words. Composer James Whitbourn structured the piece into 14 movements with Jewish folk melodies permeating it throughout. One of these movements, The Life in Hiding, recalls the tunes Anne would have heard on BBC radio at the time, with contemporary waltzes. Bells from the Westerkerk church in Amsterdam, near to the annex, punctuate the movements and serve to represent the passage of time. One of the oratorio's notable points is the gripping severity of some movements. When the Nazis break into the annex in The Capture Foretold, it is the orchestra's sweeping volume that shakes the audience together with the chilling depth that the choir, which often has the quality of a Greek chorus, hinting at the ordeals ahead. The threat of the family's eventual capture is ever-present and the theme of the break-in to the annex functions as a metaphor for the intrusion into a young girl's awareness of the horrors of prejudice and violence. This hint at an outer world of dark, unstoppable power comes to the fore in The Plan to go into Hiding, where the strings take on a relentless, sweeping grandeur similar to those of Wagner, ironically one of Hitler's favourite composers. It also served to highlight the dark forces that push this young girl from her home. Yet her spirit shines through this darkness. The words 'We must be brave and trust in God' were beautifully reproduced by soprano Louise Katech, clad in dress similar to that of Anne and sitting at a writing desk, while Anne's sadness is evident when she prays that God may comfort her persecuted friends. The final two movements include deeply poignant words that are lightly adapted from Lamentations and Psalms, which suggest the formal mourning of those lost. As the strings die away and Anne says, 'As long as you can look fearlessly at the sky, you'll know you're pure within', we are reminded that although she may have passed away, works like Annelies will draw people toward her writings for generations to come.
Alan O'Sullivan, The Baptist Times,4/14/2005
This fine requiem, using many Hebrew melodies, was superbly performed and made a powerful, deeply moving evening.
David Fingleton, The Sunday Express,4/10/2005
This new 80-minute oratorio based on The Diary of Anne Frank is an example of a job very professionally done and accomplished in performance. If at times it teeters perilously on the brink of sentimentality, it can also tug genuinely at the heartstrings. Melanies Challenger's libretto draws on the story of Anne Frank in a way that sensitively blends childlike innocence and adult understanding. The Diary of Anne Frank is one of the most famous and widely read books of all time. Adapting it into an oratorio must have been a problem in itself, but Challenger has approached it with a poetic eye to the contrasts between the teenage Anne's reveries on the beauties of nature, her down-to-earth descriptions of the living arrangements in her Jewish family's hiding place in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam, her observations on the nightly raids in her neighbourhood, and the constant fear of being found and led away. It was a mix of emotions that the soprano Louise Kateck conveyed poignantly. James Whitbourn's score responds directly to the text. Among his previous works are a Pentecostal cantata, The Hurricane, a large-scale piece commemorating the bombing of Hiroshima, and the music for the Queen Mother's funeral and the 60th anniversary of D-Day. Whitbourn is used to tackling the big issues, and his score for Annelies is nothing if not resourceful… he has pulled together his influences adeptly. He can draw on the manner of a Bach chorale just as easily as he can craft a 19th-century waltz ballad. He can make grand gestures or spin a sugary line from a violin solo. He can emulate plainsong with a skill in choral writing that would not have disgraced Vaughan Williams or Walton, and which the Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, delivered with great panache. The orchestral writing is polished to the same degree. On a basis of juicy harmony and lush timbres, Whitbourn compiles a glossary of effects - tremolos for apprehension, drum taps for threat, brushes of the cymbals for cold, string glissandos for aircraft engines - in a way that can seem cinematic… the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra under Leonard Slatkin combined the diverse elements into a coherent context, and the standing ovation signified that the work had had its effect.
Geoffrey Norris, The Telegraph,4/8/2005
The composer James Whitbourn is a brave young man. It would take either genius or a very particular type of assiduous humility to pull this one off. With the help of Melanie Challenger's compilation and editing from the famous Diary, Whitbourn has assiduously and humbly carried the day. Both Whitbourn and Challenger wanted, like Britten, to be "useful, and to the living": Anne Frank, after all, voiced similar aspirations about her short life. While Annelies seems to me to add nothing to the power to affect of the Diary itself, at least it doesn't subtract. Whitbourn has artfully avoided the fatal snare of being reductive. For the 14 movements, which elide cinematically into one another, Anne Frank was sung by the soprano and uncanny lookalike, Louise Kateck. A writing desk was next to the podium; a piano, exquisitely played by Simon Lepper, was centre stage; and the Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, ably doubling as full, robust chorus and as focussed concertante choir, stood at the back. Whitbourn's skill at tuning his ear to Bach and Broadway, and to the Lutheran and Jewish cantorial traditions which link them, lifts the score above being merely a magpie pastiche. Melodies of a distinctly Jewish hue colour the entire work. They can be sung in Kateck's sweet, childlike soprano, with oboe or cello obbligato also conjuring spectres of Bach's Passion writing; or they can reverberate into a great choral sunburst, complete with cymbal. And when it comes to the birdsong, and the tingling of spring longing in the young Annelies, the solo violin magically fuses avian song and a sweet, high fiddling on the roof. The sound of church bells, the drone of aircraft (double-bass glissandi), and finally the stifling silence of the camps (bowed marimba) add discreet detail to a score whose respectful understatement is its greatest strength.
Hilary Finch, The Times,4/7/2005
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