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received his first piano instruction from his mother, who also encouraged composing. After studies with Gliere, he passed the entrance examination at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. There he studied with Rimsky-Korsakov and Liadov.
He formed a lasting relationship with Sergei Diaghilev, who arranged his first performance outside Russia (Rome, 1915). The opera
The Love of the Three Oranges
Third Piano Concerto
were premiered in Chicago in 1921. In Paris, where Prokofiev settled, Diaghilev produced his ballets during the years 1921-32.
After returning to Russia, he composed
Peter and the Wolf
, the opera
War and Peace
, and the ballets
Romeo and Juliet
He died in 1953.